Roma is a town in the Maranoa district of South West Queensland, Australia, 515 km (320 mi) by rail WNW ofBrisbane. It is situated at the junction of the Warrego and Carnarvon highways. It is the centre of a rich pastoral and wheat-growing district, The town was incorporated in 1867 and is named after Lady Diamantina Bowen(née Roma), the wife of Sir George Ferguson Bowen, the Governor of Queensland at the time. Beef, grain and wool are its chief industries. It is in the Maranoa electoral district. It also serves as a centre for the larger Maranoa Region. At the 2011 census, Roma had a population of 6,906.
Bore water for the town is obtained from the Artesian Basin.
In 2010, a SANTOS project study investigated the possibility of introducing treated CSG waste water into Roma’s existing underground aquifer which supplies the town’s water needs, including drinking water
The groundbreaking study, known as the Roma Managed Aquifer Recharge Study, is the first of its kind in Australia. It is also considered experimental in nature as the risks are largely unknown. The Roma CSG Field pilot trial (Hermitage) Stage 4 is in operation (Completed Q4 2012) and Roma CSG Field (The Bend) Stage 4 operation is due to commence Q3/Q4 2014. The project will allow for the injection of up to 24 ML/d of treated coal seam gas water into the Gubberamunda Sandstone aquifer for up to 20 years.
Many homes have a tank for rainwater delivered by a third tap at the kitchen sink as the town water has a strong taste.
Water bores have been shut down at nearby Wallumbilla due to methane being detected in the Gubberamunda Sandstone aquifer (2014).
Hotels, pubs, and churches feature prominently near the centre of town. The ten hotels are within easy walking distance with most adjacent to another hotel. St Paul's Anglican Church. is a copy of a 13th Century English Church in the shape of crucifix.
Aerial view of Roma
Roma was named after Lady Diamantina Bowen (Contessa Diamantina di Roma), wife of the first Governor of Queensland, George Bowen in 1867. In 1863 Samuel Symons Bassett brought Queensland's vine cuttings to Roma and established the Romaville Winery and a century later, Roma was the site of Australia's first oil and gas discoveries.
Local tourist attractions include the Big Rig and Oil and Gas Museum, Romavilla Winery and Roma Saleyards. The winery is the oldest in Queensland. To the north of the town is Carnarvon Gorge in Carnarvon National Park. Over the Easter period, Roma holds an Easter in the Country event. The Roma Show is also held around Easter.