Liverpool is a suburb in south-western Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Liverpool is located 32 km south-west of theSydney central business district, and is the administrative centre of thelocal government area of the City of Liverpool. It was identified in the New South Wales Government's Sydney Metropolitan Strategy as a regional city, establishing it as a major centre in Greater Western Sydney.
Liverpool Shopping Centre
Liverpool is one of the oldest urban settlements in Australia, founded on 7 November 1810 as an agricultural centre by Governor Lachlan Macquarie. He named it after Robert Banks Jenkinson, Earl of Liverpool, who was then the Secretary of State for the Colonies and the British city of Liverpool, upon which some of the area's architecture is based.
Liverpool is at the head of navigation of the Georges River and combined with the Great Southern Railway from Sydney to Melbourne reaching Liverpool in the late 1850s, Liverpool became a major agricultural and transportation centre as the land in the district was very productive.
Until the 1950s, Liverpool was still a satellite town with an agricultural economy based on poultry farming and market gardening. However the tidal surge of urban sprawl which engulfed the rich flatlands west of Sydney known as the Cumberland Plain soon reached Liverpool, and it became an outer suburb of metropolitan Sydney with a strong working-class presence and manufacturing facilities. The Liverpool area also became renowned for its vast Housing Commission estates housing thousands of low-income families after the slum clearance and urban renewal programs in inner-city Sydney in the 1960s.
The following buildings are listed on the Register of the National Estate or the State Heritage Register:
Liverpool is currently undergoing a rapid transformation into a major CBD in its own right. It has been earmarked by the state government in the coming years to be a major regional area in Sydney. It is currently the major city centre in South Western Sydney. The city centre has a Hoddle Grid layout with many little laneways and arcades, similar to that of Melbourne. The main strip is Macquarie Street which contains numerous small cafes. In recent times the extension of the Westfield shopping centre has seen many new fashion stores come in.
The main shopping area is centred on Macquarie St, with Westfield Liverpool, a major shopping centre at the northern end. The northern end of the city has been zoned for high density residential apartments. The southern end of the city is zoned for high density commercial developments. Liverpool is also home to the largest public lending library in Australia, a large teaching hospital, two technical colleges and many shopping centres and office buildings. The private hospital operator Healthscope owns the Sydney Southwest Private Hospital in Liverpool.
Industries include a large cable factory, a telephone manufacturer, pharmaceutical laboratories and cold storage plants.
There are three public primary schools within the suburb of Liverpool: Liverpool Public School, Liverpool West and Marsden Rd. Liverpool Boys and Liverpool Girls are the two public secondary schools. They are located next door to each other in Forbes St. In addition to this are Mainsbridge School which caters to children with intellectual disabilities and Liverpool Hospital School for children hospitalised for lengthy periods.
Private schools include All Saints Primary, All Saints Boys College, All Saints Girls College and Al Amanah College.
Post secondary education is catered to with the South Western College ofTAFE, MacArthur Community College Liverpool U3A: School for Seniors, University of Western Sydney English Language Centre and the School of Arts in Macquarie Street.
St Luke's Anglican Church, located in the city centre across the road from Westfield Liverpool, is the oldest Anglican church in Australia. All Saints Catholic Church in George St is located with the All Saints schools. St Raphael, Nickolas and Irene Greek Orthodox Church is in Forbes Street and the Serbian Orthodox Church of the Apostle Luke is on Flowerdale Rd.
Islamic preacher Feiz Mohammad and others founded, and Mohammad headed, the Global Islamic Youth Centre in Liverpool in 2000 to "cater for the physical, social, educational and religious needs, especially for the youth and the children, in accordance with the teachings of the Quran".In January 2007, Australian Federal Police raided the Centre and removed hate Death Series DVDs from it in which Feiz Mohammad urged children to die for Allah. Liverpool Residents Action Group president John Anderson said Feiz Mohammad's extremist version of Islam would not be welcome. Opposition education spokesman Andrew Stoner said the NSW government must closely watch the school and what it may teach, to ensure that it would not teach the "extremist views" and "messages of hate" of Feiz Mohammad to young school children.