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Bw The Pines Motel 10 Bong Bong St, Kiama NSW 2553, Australia
+61 2 4232 1000
The [email protected] 602/31 Shoalhaven St, Kiama NSW 2533, Australia
+61 2 4233 1588
Henna by Riana Kiama NSW 2533, Australia
+61 412 302 006
Pinson Jacqui DR 10/133 Terralong St, Kiama NSW 2533, Australia
+61 2 4233 1155
Kiama Family Chiropractic Health Centre 15 Railway Parade, Kiama NSW 2533, Australia
+61 2 4232 2614
Kiama Medical Practice 83 Manning St, Kiama NSW 2533, Australia
+61 2 4232 1244
Shellharbour Family Chiropractic Clinic 215 Tongarra Rd, Albion Park NSW 2527, Australia
+61 2 4257 7873
Painless Window Cleaning Gerringong NSW 2534, Australia
+61 404 473 314
Amway of Australia PTY Ltd. 198 Charles Ave, Minnamurra NSW 2533, Australia
+61 2 4237 7873
Raine & Horne 78 Terralong St, Kiama NSW 2533, Australia
+61 2 4232 1688
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Steve Boughton Mobile Mechanical Services Reviewed by: Michael Shebert Seemed to do a good job, priced ok only issue was he smelt like alcohol.
G & S Electrical Reviewed by: Lucinda Dyason Had the pleasure of dealing with this business today. Knew what I needed, helpful polite and went above and beyond expectations by saving me upward of $100 part replacement on a second problem by show
Nina's Chinese Massage Reviewed by: John Under new management. Now called AAA Massage
Inkredible Art Reviewed by: Jake Slow and to expensive

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About Kiama

Kiama, New South Wales

 

Kiama is a township 120 kilometres south of Sydney in the IllawarraNew South Wales, Australia in the Municipality of Kiama. At the 2006 census, Kiama had a population of 12,286 people. One of the main tourist attractions is  The Kiama Blowhole. The seaside town features several popular surfing beaches, caravan parks and numerous alfresco cafes and restaurants. Its proximity to the south of Sydney makes it an attractive destination for a large number of day trippers.

 

 

 

Kiama
New South Wales


Kiama-NSW.jpg
Panorama of the town

 

 

History

 

Kiama was the site of two strong volcanic flows, called the Gerringong Volcanics, which came out of  Saddleback Mountain, now a collapsed volcanic vent. The Kiama Blowhole is part of an erosion process on the more recent rock, formed into columnar basalt, or latite. Before the cedar-getters (a rowdy mob of ex-convicts, convicts and runaways, some with cedar licences and many without) had even arrived in the area, around 1810, the local Indigenous AustraliansWodi Wodi of the language group Dharawal, had been using the land for thousands of years, moving every six weeks or so in family groups. This is supported by a midden of shells at nearby Bass Point used for more than 17,000 years. During this time the whole coastal hills was covered in rainforest and cedar brush. There is evidence of a flourishing culture with intricate possum cloaks, a developed song and story cycle and a deep understanding of the many plants of the rainforest. Only a few remnants of rainforest survive along the escarpment in places like the Minnamurra Rainforest Centre. There is strong evidence of recent sea debris showing a mega-tsunami hit this coast around 1487 A.D according to Dr Ted Bryant of Wollongong University. The first European to explore the area was Kiarnay Smith who stopped there on 6 December 1797.

During the colonisation of Australia, the Kiama area was settled by wheat farmers as the soil was volcanic and rain-swept unlike most of Australia. Early Jamberoo was the population centre from about 1830 to the 1860s and when the wheat died, the farmers switched to dairying. During this period Kiama became the best example of 'chain migration' in Australia as many assisted migrants came from Northern Ireland on clearing leases and eventually half the marriages in the Kiama Anglican Church in a hundred years had Northern Irish Protestant ancestry. Kiama was one of the birthplaces of the Australian dairy industry with the first Dairy Factory (The Kiama Pioneer Factory) and first Dairy Co-operative in Australia. There were three original major land grants, Thomas Surfleet Kendall (son of lapsed missionary Reverend Thomas Kendall), Michael Hindmarsh and Matthew Cignarella, all of which married sisters of the Rutter family. The Kendalls were cousins of Henry Kendall, the famous Australian poet. The Kendall name is remembered today in several places such as the spooky Kendall Cemetery in Kiama Heights and Kendalls Beach. The Hindmarshs are remembered in Kiama's main park, Hindmarsh Park, and after 10 generations still live on their original land.

Kiama's next real population boom was powered by its quarries. Many Irish Catholics worked in the Kiama quarries. The basalt formed by two volcanic eruptions 240 million years and 66 million years ago was a valuable commodity for a growing colony, with the blue metal used to pave Sydney's roads and as ballast for its railways. It was very similar to the basalt found in Northern Ireland, where the Giant's Causeway is a famous example. There are still active quarries in the Kiama area, including the N.S.W. Railway Quarry, and the remnants of earlier quarries are easily visible throughout the town and often have facilities built inside them such as the Kiama Leisure Centre. One particular quarry, the Bombo Headland, is of scientific importance as it is the site of the discovery (in 1926) of the longest known geomagnetic polarity interval called the Kiaman Reverse Superchron.

When Kiama Harbour was hollowed out, after 17 years hard work, and flooded in 1876, larger steamers such as from the Illawarra Steam Navigation Company could enter and a flourishing sea trade followed. The Kiama Pilot's Cottage was finished in 1881 and the Kiama Lighthouse in 1887. Kiama really hit its boom time in this period, from 1890 until the Great Depression in 1927, when nearly all the quarries closed. It was a prosperous and happy time well recorded in the local newspaper, the Kiama Independent and the photographs of the Cocks Photographic Studio, two valuable resources which tell most of the Kiama story.

Over time tourism and housing growth turned Kiama into a dormitory suburb (where people travelled away to work) and summer tourist spot. Kiama in 2009 is a tourism haven in summer, during which its population triples. The Kiama Pilot's Cottage is now a local history museum.

 


 


Lighthouse of Kiama

 

 

 

Attractions
 

 

The beaches around Kiama offer a large range of surfing conditions. Many surfing competitions are held here every year. These include Boyds Beach – Kiama Downs, Bombo Beach – Bombo, Surf Beach – Kiama, Easts Beach and Caravan Park – Kiama Heights, Kendalls Beach – Kiama and Mystics Beach – Minnamurra River.

The name "Kiama" is derived from the Aboriginal word "kiarama", which means "Place where the sea makes a noise". Kiama is also known as the place where the mountains touch the sea. This is in reference to The Kiama Blowhole which attracts a large number of visitors each year. The "Little Blowhole" is a lesser known blowhole as it does not share the same central location or the scale associated with the larger  Kiama Blowhole. The  Little Blowhole is on a headland south of the central part of  Kiama between Easts and Kendalls Beaches. Both have areas for viewing, though  The Kiama Blowhole attracts more tourists. A coastal walking track currently allows people to walk from Minnamurra to Easts Beach, past both blowholes. A 7 kilometre southern extension to this path is due to open to allow people to walk along the cliffs to GerringongA few kilometres north at Bombo is Cathedral Rocks(Cathedral Rocks Ave), a formation well known and visited, with a walk/cycleway going along the Kiama coast. There are other rock formations on these cliff headlands of moderate renown. The Kiama Post Office, one of many historic buildings, is known for its history and pink colour, although it was repainted in 2012. It is situated near Black Beach. Kiama has a strip mall of cafés, restaurants, art galleries and shops on Terralong St. Also on this street is a war memorial, an historic fire station used for exhibits, and a small shopping centre. There is a strong arts following and interest in cultural events in Kiama, and in 2013 an arts trail was introduced to showcase the work of individual artists, together with regular arts events in the area. Food and wine trails are also becoming more popular in the area. Kiama Lighthouse, on Blowhole Point, was built in 1887 and is situated close to the Kiama Blowhole. The Kiama Harbour home to fishing boats and seafood market where you can buy local fish. The point also contains seaside cabins and a wonderful rock pool. A locally famous phenomenon is the local group of Australian Pelicans. The pelicans have been honoured with a metal statue at the harbour. Seven kilometres southwest of the town is Saddleback Lookout atop the 600-metre high Saddleback Mountain with views over the Illawarra Plains and escarpment and south to Nowra, Pigeon House Mountain and Coolangatta Mountain. Saddleback and Noorinan mountains provide an impressive backdrop to the city. The Jamberoo Action Park, a mainly ride-orientated water-themed park, is situated 10 minutes inland of Kiama in the small town of Jamberoo. West of Kiama in the green hills lies Jerrara Dam, built in the 1800s to supply water to the area. It is now a reserve. North of the Minnamurra River is Killalea Recreation Area, a nature reserve on Bass Point. It is south of ShellharbourKiama Council spent eleven years preparing the construction of the Kiama Coast Walk, a six-kilometre track extending from Loves Bay, north of Kiama, to Werri Lagoon, near Gerringong, south of Kiama. Some coastal land was declared public reserve to allow the public to walk through what was previously private property. The track was scheduled to open in October 2009 and was expected to be a popular drawcard for the public

 

 

Gallery

 

 

 

Cathedral Rocks, Kiama, circa 1900


 

 

Kiama Harbour

 

 

Kiama post office

 


 

 Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kiama,_New_South_Wales



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