Monday, May 29, 2017 12:00 PM
Travel          Hotels Hotels         Tours Tours         Car Rental Cars         Events Events         Flights Flights         Cruises Cruises         Events Refer
Business Name, Category, Keywords
City Name or Zip Code ex: Los Angeles, CA

About Geelong

GEELONG


View of Geelong across Corio Bay from Moorpanyal Park, 2010.jpg
Geelong viewed across Corio Bay from The Esplanade Drumcondra in 2010.

 

The Geelong metropolitan area is the second most populated area in the Australian state of Victoria. Located 75 kilometres (47 mi) south-west of the state capital, Melbourne, the port city is situated around Corio Bay and the Barwon River. The metropolitan area runs from the plains of Lara in the north to the rolling hills of Waurn Ponds to the south, with the bay to the east and hills to the west, an area with an estimated population of 160,891 people. Geelong was named in 1827, with the name derived from the local Wathaurong Aboriginal name for the region, Jillong, thought to mean "land" or "cliffs". The area was first surveyed in 1838, three weeks after Melbourne. The Post Office was open by June 1840 (the second to open in the Port Phillip District). Population increases over the last decade were due to growth in service industries, as the manufacturing sector has declined. Redevelopmentof the inner city has occurred since the 1990s, as well as gentrification of inner suburbs and currently has a population growth rate higher than the national average. 

 

 

Early history and foundation

 

The area of Geelong and the Bellarine Peninsula was originally occupied by the WathaurongIndigenous Australian tribe. The first non-Indigenous person recorded as visiting the region was Lt. John Murray, who commanded the brig HMS Lady Nelson. After anchoring outside Port Phillip Heads (the narrow entrance to Port Phillip, onto which both Geelong and Melbourne now front) on 1 February 1802 he sent a small boat with six men to explore. Led by John Bowen they explored the immediate area, returning to the Lady Nelson on 4 February. On reporting favourable findings, the Lady Nelson entered Port Phillip on 14 February, and did not leave until 12 March. In January 1803, Surveyor-General Charles Grimes arrived at Port Phillip in the sloop Cumberland and mapped the area, including the future site of Geelong, but reported the area was unfavourable for settlement and returned to Sydney on 27 February. The convict William Buckley escaped from the Sullivan Bay settlement in 1803, and lived among the Wathaurong people for 32 years on the Bellarine Peninsula. In 1835,John Batman used Indented Head as his base camp, leaving behind several employees whilst he returned to Tasmania (then known as Van Diemen's Land) for more supplies and his family. In this same year, Buckley surrendered to the party led by John Helder Wedge and was later pardoned by Lieutenant-Governor Sir George Arthur, and subsequently given the position of interpreter to the natives. 

 

 

 

 

Depiction of early Geelong as a small collection of houses and paddocks by the bay.

 
Geelong was first surveyed by Assistant Surveyor, W. H. Smythe three weeks after Melbourne, and was gazetted as a town on 10 October 1838. The Geelong Keys were discovered around 1845 by Governor Charles La Trobe on Corio Bay. They were embedded in the stone in such a way that he believed that they had been there for 100–150 years, possibly dropped by Portuguese explorers. In 1849, Fyans was nominated as the inaugural Mayor of the Geelong Town Council. An early settler of Geelong, Alexander Thomson, for which the area of Thomson in East Geelong is named, settled on the Barwon River, and was Mayor of Geelong on five occasions from 1850–1858. 

 
 
View of Geelong. 1856 oil painting by Eugene von Guérard.

 
 
A paddlesteamer approaches busy Geelong Harbour in 1857.
The Geelong Hospital was opened in 1852, and construction on the Geelong Town Hall commenced in 1855.
Development of the Port of Geelong began with the creation of the first shipping channel in Corio Bay in 1853. TheGeelong to Melbourne 
railway was built by the Geelong and Melbourne Railway Company in 1857.[28] Rabbits wereintroduced to Australia in 1859 by Thomas
Austin, who imported them from England for hunting purposes at his Barwon Park property near Winchelsea.[29] One of Geelong's
best known department stores, Bright and Hitchcocks, was opened in 1861,[11] and the HM Prison Geelong built using convict labour,
was opened in 1864.

 

 

 
Exhibition Building and Market Square Clocktower in 1879. (both since demolished)

 
The gold rush had seen Ballarat and Bendigo grow larger than Geelong in terms of population. Melbourne critics dubbed Geelong 'Sleepy Hollow', a tag that recurred many times in the following years. A number of industries became established in Geelong, including Victoria's first woollen mill at South Geelong in 1868. In 1869 the clipper Lightning caught fire at the Yarra Street pier and was cast adrift in Corio Bay to burn before finally sunk by artillery fire. Improvements to transport saw Geelong emerge as the centre of the Western District of Victoria, with railway lines extended towards Colac in 1876, and toQueenscliff in 1879. Construction of the Hopetoun shipping channel began in 1881 and completed in 1893.

 

 

1900s: A city develops

 

 

 
Opening of the Geelong tramway in 1912, Moorabool Street, Geelong

 
The town of Geelong officially became a city on 8 December 1910. The city gained a number of essential services, with electric light supplied by the Geelong Power Station starting in 1902, the Geelong Harbour Trust was formed in December 1905, and the Geelong Waterworks and Sewerage Trust formed in 1908. Electric trams began operation in 1912, travelling from the city centre to the suburbs until their demise in 1956. The first of many stores on the Market Square was opened in 1913, and the first Gala Day festival was held in 1916.

 
 
The steamboat Edina leaving Geelong on its final journey on 21 June 1938

 

Post-war period

 

 

 
Eastern Beach in 1950

 

Government housing was constructed in the suburbs of East Geelong, Norlane, North Shore and Corio from the 1950s. The banks of the Barwon River burst in 1952, inundating nearby Belmont Common. Geelong continued to expand with Corio, Highton and Belmont growing at such a rate that in February 1967 Geelong accounted for 21 percent of private home development in Greater Melbourne. Private vehicles became the city's major mode of transport. The first parking meters in the city were introduced in 1961, new petrol stations were constructed and the city's first supermarket, operated by Coles, opened in 1965. Industrial growth continued with a second cement works operating at Waurn Ponds by 1964 and the Alcoa Point Henry aluminium smelter constructed in 1962.

 

 

21st century

 

 

Westfield Geelong construction works in 2007


Redeveloped Waterfront Geelong (Steampacket Quay)

 
In 2004 Avalon Airportwas upgraded to accommodate interstate passenger travel, providing a base for the low-cost airline Jetstar to service the Melbourne and Geelong urban areas. Geelong is planned to expand towards the south coast, with 2,500 hectares of land to become a major suburban development for between 55,000 to 65,000 people, known as Armstrong Creek. In 2006, construction began on the Geelong Ring Road, designed to replace the Princes Highway through Geelong from Corio to Waurn Ponds. 

 

 

 

Geography

 

 

Geelong is located on the shores of Corio Bay, a south-western inlet bay of Port Phillip. During clear weather, the Melbourne skyline is visible from areas of Geelong when viewed across Port Phillip. The Barwon River flows through the city to the south before entering Lake Connewarre and the Barwon River estuary at Barwon Heads before going into Bass Strait.

 

City and suburbs

 

 

 
Suburban expansion in Grovedale

 
Development in Geelong started on the shores of Corio Bay in what is now the inner city. Development later spread to the south towards the Barwon River, and the hill of Newtown and Geelong West. Major development south of the river in Belmont did not start until the 1920s, stimulated by the construction of a new bridge over the river in 1926, and the extension of the Geelong tramway system in 1927. Industrial areas were traditionally located on the Corio Bay for port access, or the Barwon River for waste disposal.

 

Economy

 

 

 
Westfield Bay City in 2006

 

Geelong's major employers include the Ford Motor Company engine plant inNorlane, aircraft maintenance at Avalon Airport, the head office of retail chainTarget, the Bartter (Steggles) chicken processing plant, Alcoa's Point Henryaluminium smelter, and the Shell oil refinery at Corio. The Geelong region attracted over 6 million tourists during 2001. Major tourist attractions include the Waterfront Geelong precinct and Eastern Beach on the shores of Corio Bay, the Ford Discovery Centre and National Wool Museum in the city, and more than 30 historical buildings listed on the Victorian Heritage Register. The Geelong area hosts regular international events which are also tourist drawcards including the Australian International Airshow. Geelong has a number of shopping precincts in the CBD and surrounding suburbs. The two main shopping centres are located in the CBD - Westfield Geelong and Market Square, with smaller centres in the suburbs including Belmont Plaza and Waurn Ponds Shopping Centre in the south, Bellarine Village iNewcomb in the east, and Corio Village Shopping Centre in the north. The opening of the major shopping centres have seen a decline in strip shopping on Moorabool Street, with many empty shops and few customers. Geelong is also home to Mitre 10's largest franchisees - Fagg's - operating five stores across the town and employing over 160 people.

 

 

Demographics

 

 

St Mary of the Angels Basilica
 

 

The 2006 Census found the most common religious affiliation in Geelong was Catholicism at 29.4%. St. Mary of the Angels Basilica is the largest congregation in the city. Other affiliations of resident of Geelong include No Religion 20.5%, Anglican 14.6%, Uniting Church 7.9% and Presbyterian and Reformed at 4.3%. The city has a large number of traditional Christian churches, as well as Orthodox Christian churches in the northern suburbs.

 

 

Governance

 

 

Geelong Town Hall

 

 

In local government, the Geelong region is covered by the City of Greater Geelong. The council was created in 1993 as an amalgamation of a number of other municipalities in the region, with the council chambers located at the Geelong Town Hall in central Geelong. The City is made up of 12 wards, each represented by a councillor elected once every four years by postal voting. Since 2012, the Mayor of Geelong is directly elected for a four-year term by theelectorate of the City of Greater Geelong. Entrepreneur and former paparazzo Darryn Lyons was voted into the mayoral position in November 2013.

 

 

 

Culture

 

Events and Festivals

 

The Royal Geelong Show is held each year at the Geelong Showgrounds. Other smaller events include Pako Festa (held annually in February), Gala Day Parade (annual event that celebrated its 96th year in 2012) and Family Fun Day (held annually as part of the Gala Day celebrations),and the Geelong Heritage Festival that is run by the local branch of the National Trust. Geelong hosts Victoria's only international photographic salon 'VIGEX' every two years. VIGEX is an acronym for "VIctoria Geelong EXhibition" and the inaugural event was held in 1980. The Australian Photographic Society (APS), the world governing body of exhibition photography the International Federation of Photographic Art(FIAP) and the Victorian Association of Photographic Societies (VAPS) are patrons of the biennial photographic salon.

 

 

 

 

Geelong Performing Arts Centre (Little Malop Street entry)

 

 

 

Education

 

 

The Gordon Institute of TAFE building in Fenwick Street.

 

 

 

SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geelong

Welcome to Wowcity fellow Australians!
The Australian Wowcity is a web-based platform for local business search, ideas and expression, a resource of opportunities, and a network of inspirational young people and their projects.

2,885 members from Australia
408 members visited Australia
22 members online from Australia




Bookmark and Share