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About Brisbane


Brisbane  is the capital and most populous city in the Australian state of Queensland, and the third most populous city in Australia. Brisbane's metropolitan area has a population of 2.24 million, and the South East Queensland urban conurbation, centred on Brisbane, encompasses a population of more than 3 million. TheBrisbane central business district stands on the original European settlement and is situated inside a bend of theBrisbane River, approximately 15 kilometres (9 miles) from its mouth at Moreton Bay. The metropolitan area extends in all directions along the floodplain of the Brisbane River valley between Moreton Bay and the Great Dividing Range. The metropolitan area sprawls across several of Australia's most populous local government areas, including the City of Brisbane, which is by far the most populous LGA in the nation. The demonym of Brisbane is Brisbanite.

Brisbane is named after the Brisbane River on which it is located, which in turn was named after Scotsman Sir Thomas Brisbane, the Governor of New South Wales from 1821 to 1825. The first European settlement in Queensland was a penal colony at Redcliffe, 28 kilometres (17 mi) north of the central business district, which was founded in 1824. That settlement was soon abandoned and moved to North Quay in 1825. Free settlers were permitted from 1842. Brisbane was chosen as the capital when Queensland was proclaimed a separate colony fromNew South Wales in 1859.

The city played a central role in the Allied campaign during World War II as the South West Pacific headquarters forGeneral Douglas MacArthur. Brisbane has hosted many large cultural, international and sporting events, including the 1982 Commonwealth Games, World Expo '88, the final Goodwill Games in 2001, and the 2014 G-20 summit. Brisbane is classified as a Global city.


Brisbane skyline from Kangaroo Point
Japanese gardens at the  Mount Coot-tha Botanic Gardens Wheel of Brisbane
Story Bridge The Gorge Walk on North Stradbroke Island
St John's Cathedral City Hall with lighting (8180036177).jpg

Brisbane, from top: Brisbane skyline from Kangaroo Point, Japanese gardens at the Mount Coot-tha Botanic Gardens, the Wheel of BrisbaneStory Bridge, the Gorge Walk on North Stradbroke IslandSt John's Cathedral,Brisbane City Hall at night



Satellite image of Brisbane Metropolitan Area





Nineteenth century


The Old Windmill
 inWickham Park, built by convicts in 1828

Twentieth century



Royal Australian Air Force
 recruits marching along Queen Street, August 1940


Queen Street, Brisbane
's main street, illuminated for the 1954 Royal Visit


CityCat and City Ferry flotilla returns to the Brisbane River 14 February 2011, following the flood

Brisbane hosted the 1982 Commonwealth Games and the 1988 World Exposition (known locally as World Expo 88). These events were accompanied by a scale of public expenditure, construction and development not previously seen in the state of Queensland. Brisbane's population growth has exceeded the national average every year since 1990 at an average rate of around 2.2% per year.

A panorama view of the stage and Brisbane River during World Expo 88


Twenty-first century


After two decades of record population growth, Brisbane was hit again by a major flood in January 2011. The Brisbane River did not reach the same height as the previous 1974 flood but still caused extensive damage and disruption to the city.

The steel cantilever Story Bridge was constructed in 1940 to connectFortitude Valley to Kangaroo Point. In the image on the right, the bridge is illuminated in blue for ovarian cancer awareness.



Live entertainment

Brisbane has a substantial and thriving live theatre and music scene – both popular and classical.

Queensland Gallery of Modern Art

  The Gallery of Modern Art (GOMA) ,  opened in December 2006, is one of the latest additions to the South Bankprecinct and houses some of the most well-known pieces of modern art from within and outside Australia. GOMA is the largest modern art gallery in Australia. GOMA holds the Asia Pacific Triennial (APT) which focuses on contemporary art from the Asia and Pacific in a variety of media from painting to video work. In Addition, its size enables the gallery to exhibit particularly large shows — the Andy Warhol exhibition being the largest survey of his work in Australia. GOMA also boasts Australia's largest purpose-built Cinémathèque. The Gallery of Modern Art is located next to the State Library of Queensland, and the Queensland Art Gallery (QAG)Along with Beijing, Berlin, Birmingham and Marseille, Brisbane was nominated as one of the Top 5 International Music Hotspots by Billboard in 2007. There are also popular entertainment pubs and clubs within both the City and Fortitude Valley.  


GOMA, main entrance


The   Brisbane Powerhouse , in New Farm and the Judith Wright Centre of Contemporary Arts on Brunswick Street in Fortitude Valley also feature diverse programs featuring exhibitions and festivals of visual art, music and dance. The La Boite Theatre Company performs at the Roundhouse Theatre at Kelvin Grove. Twelfth Night Theatre  at Bowen Hills is also a professional theatre. There are numerous amateur theatre groups in Brisbane. The oldest is the Brisbane Arts Theatre which was founded in 1936. It has a regular adult and children's theatre and is located in Petrie Terrace.


Arts and classical culture

Venues and classical performers

The Queensland Performing Arts Centre (QPAC), which is located at South Bank consists of the Lyric Theatre, a Concert Hall, Cremorne Theatre and the Playhouse Theatre and is home to the Queensland BalletOpera QQueensland Theatre Company, and the Queensland Symphony Orchestra.  The Queensland Conservatoriumin which professional companies and Conservatorium students also stage performances, is located within the South Bank ParklandsNumerous choirs present performances across the city annually. These choirs include the Brisbane Chorale, Queensland Choir, Brisbane Chamber Choir, Canticum Chamber Choir, Brisbane Concert Choir, Imogen Children's Chorale and Brisbane Birralee VoicesDue to the lack of a suitable purpose built performance venue for choral music, these choirs typically perform in the city's many churches.


View of the western face of the Queensland Performing Arts Centre

Tourism and recreation



Main Beach at North Stradbroke Island

Tourism plays a major role in Brisbane's economy, being the third-most popular destination for international tourists after Sydney and Melbourne. Popular tourist and recreation areas in Brisbane include the  South Bank ParklandsRoma Street Parkland, the City Botanic GardensBrisbane Forest Park ( Brisbane Forest Park Information Centre), and Portside Wharf. The Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary

The suburb of Mount Coot-tha is home to a popular state forest, and the  Brisbane Botanic Gardens which houses the Sir Thomas Brisbane Planetarium  and the "Tsuki-yama-chisen" Japanese Garden (formerly of the Japanese Government Pavilion of Brisbane's World Expo '88).

Brisbane has over 27 km (17 mi) of bicycle pathways, mostly surrounding the Brisbane River and city centre, extending to the west of the city. The river itself was popular with bathers, and it permitted boating excursions to Moreton Bay when the main port was in the city reaches. Today fishing and boating are more common. Other popular recreation activities include the Story Bridge adventure climb and rock climbing at the Kangaroo Point cliffs.



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