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Interact Us 126 Mollison Street Bendigo Bendigo VI 3550
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Resicert Property Inspections - Bendigo 41a Popes Rd Bendigo VI 3551
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Lachlans Lawns 6 Ironhill Close Bendigo VI 3550
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Metroid Electrical Engineering 244 Woodward Rd Bendigo VI 3555
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Jag Limo 1 Bendigo Street Bendigo VI
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CMather Web Development PO Box 547, Golden Square Bendigo VI 3550
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Hall of Fame Marketing 10 Glenn Street Bendigo VI 3550
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CEPA Stockfeed Specialists 4-10 Stanley Street Bendigo VI 3550
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MC Mobile Mechanics Heathcote Bendigo VI 3552
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Danny Clapp The Good Guys 107 Williamson St, Bendigo VIC 3550, Australia
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Danny Clapp The Good Guys Reviewed by: Brian Ashford Have been a firm customer of good guys for some 25years+, However purchased a washing machine some ten months ago(completely under warranty) and have had nothing but dramas. Packing material (tie wire

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About Bendigo

Bendigo

 

is a small regional city in Victoria, Australia, located very close to the geographical centre of the state and approximately 150 kilometres (93 mi) north west of the state capital, Melbourne. Bendigo has an urban population of 82,794 making it the fourth largest inland city in Australia and fourth most populous city in the state. It is the administrative centre for the City of Greater Bendigo which encompasses both the urban area and outlying towns spanning an area of approximately 3,000 square kilometres (1,158 sq mi) and over 111,000 people.

The discovery of gold in the soils of Bendigo during the 1850s made it one of the most significant Victorian era boomtowns in Australia. News of the finds intensified the Victorian gold rush bringing an influx of migrants to the city from around the world within a year and transforming it from a sheep station to a major settlement in the newly proclaimed Colony of Victoria. Once the alluvial gold had been mined out, mining companies were formed to exploit the rich underground quartz reef gold. Since 1851 about 25 million ounces of gold (777 tonnes) have been extracted from Bendigo's goldmines, making it the highest producing goldfield in Australia in the 19th century and the largest gold mining economy in eastern Australia. It is also notable for its Victorian architectural and heritage. The city took its name from the Bendigo Creek and its residents from the earliest days of the goldrush have been called "Bendigonians".

Although the town flourished in its beginnings as a result of the discovery of gold, it experienced a reversal of fortune in the early 20th century. However, its growth accelerated in the post-war years and has continued to increase steadily since. Bendigo is the largest finance centre in Victoria outside of Melbourne as home to Australia's only provincially headquartered retail bank, the Bendigo Bank, and the Bendigo Stock Exchange (BSX).

 

Bendigo
Central bendigo from botanic gardens.jpg
View of central Bendigo and eastern suburbs from Camp Hill

 

 

Discovery of gold

 

 


Sketch-map by shepherd William Sandbach shows the location of "Bendigo's Hut", and depicts the birth of the Bendigo goldfield, detailing who was there and where their claims and camp sites were. (Sandbach believed that fellow shepherd William Henry Johnson had been the first to find gold at Bendigo.) Inadvertently Sandbach is also revealing the Aboriginal management of the land, showing the waterholes along the creek bed, treeless flats and wooded hills.

 

 

 

1850s – 1860s: Gold rush boomtown

 

 

Little Bendigo, Forest Creek Diggings – A new tract of Diggings lately discovered & immensely rich painted by Samuel Thomas Gill in 1852

 

 

 

 

Wood engraving of Sandhurst Post Office receiving mail from Melbourne in 1856

 

 

 

 

 
"The end of the rainbow, Golden Square" painted by George Rowe in 1857. Depicts gold-mining in the Bendigo Valley and the aspirations of the diggers to find gold just like had been found at Golden Square in 1851. Also depicts the settlement that had grown in the area around Golden Square in the 6-year period 1851 to 1857.

 
 
Pall Mall in 1861

 

 

1870s – 1890s: A city develops

 

 

 
Sandhurst from Camp Hill, 1884, painted by James Edwin Meadows

 
 
The Alexandra Fountain is arguably the most prominent monument in Bendigo. Designed by W.C.Vahland. The fountain was officially unveiled by His Royal Highness Prince Albert Edward Victor of Wales on 5 July 1881. The fountain is constructed from 20 tonnes of highly polished Harcourt granite and includes dolphins, unicorns, nymphs and allegorical figures. The fountain stands 28ft high from the level of the roadway and its outer basin is 50ft in diameter. The basin itself is 12ft wide from the inner side of the parapet to the plinth of the fountain and contains 2ft of water.

 

 

20th century

 

 

 
Pall Mall and Charing Cross in 1909. Bendigo had become a bustling city with a large transport network.

 

 

From the start of the 1900s the population began to decline, especially in the rural areas. Significant population growth occurred in the post-war years. As gold mining operations were reduced, Bendigo from the 1930s consolidated as a manufacturing and regional service centre and continued to grow steadily. Gold mining continuing in some capacity until the last mine was closed in 1954. Growth has continued since the 1980s, aided by local economic and employment growth. Recent growth has been most heavily concentrated in areas such as Epsom, Kangaroo Flat, Strathdale and Strathfieldsaye. On 7 April 1994 the City of Bendigo was abolished and mergered with the Borough of Eaglehawk, the Huntly and Strathfieldsaye shires and the Rural City of Marong to form the larger City of Greater Bendigo.

 

 

 

Land use

 

The City of Greater Bendigo includes Victoria's fourth largest city in Bendigo, as well as a significant rural hinterland. Smaller townships are located at Axedale, Elmore, Goornong, Heathcote, Marong and Redesdale. The city encompasses a total land area of 3,000 square kilometres, of which a significant proportion is national park, regional park, reserve or bushland. Much of the rural land is used for agricultural purposes, including poultry and pig farming, sheep and cattle grazing and vineyards. Most of the city's retail space is in the Bendigo CBD or along the main roads. There is some industrial land use in the suburbs around the CBD.

 

 

 

Major features

 

 

Major features of the City of Greater Bendigo include the Greater Bendigo National Park, the Heathcote-Graytown National Park, the Bendigo Regional Park, Lake Eppalock, Lake Weeroona, Ironbark Lookout, One Tree Hill Lookout, the Bendigo CBD, Lansell Plaza, the Bendigo Regional Institute of TAFE (Clinical Training Centre and BTEC, City and Charleton Road campuses), Monash University School of Rural Health (Bendigo Regional Clinical School), La Trobe University (Bendigo Campus), Bendigo School of Nursing, Bendigo Hospital, Bendigo Art Gallery, Central Deborah Gold Mine, Discovery of Gold Monument, Campaspe Run Rural Discovery Centre, the Discovery Science & Technology Centre, the Bendigo Tramways Museum, the Golden Dragon Museum, the Chinese Gardens, Bendigo Pottery, Sweenies Creek Pottery, Goldfields Mohair Farm, Hartlands Eucalyptus Factory, White Hills Botanic Gardens, Bendigo Racecourse, Diamond Hill Historic Reserve, the Campaspe River and numerous wineries.

 

 

Urban centre

 

 

 
Hargreaves Mall, Bendigo's main shopping area

 

 

Architectural heritage

 

 

 
Shamrock Hotel (1855 rebuilt 1897 with an added balcony)

 
 
Sacred Heart Cathedral is Bendigo's tallest building and a major landmark of the CBD

 

 

As a legacy of the gold boom Bendigo has many ornate buildings built in a late Victorian colonial style. Many buildings are on the Victorian Heritage Register and registered by the National Trust of Australia. Prominent buildings include the Bendigo Town Hall (1859, 1883–85), the Old Post Office, the Law Courts (1892–96), the Shamrock Hotel (1897), the Institute of Technology and the Memorial Military Museum (1921) all in the Second Empire-style.

The architect Vahland encouraged European artisans to emigrate to the Sandhurst goldfields and so create a "Vienna of the south". Bendigo's Sacred Heart Cathedral, a large sandstone church, is the third largest cathedral in Australia and one of the largest cathedrals in the Southern Hemisphere. The main building was completed between 1896 and 1908 and the spire between 1954 and 1977.

 

 

 

Parks and gardens

 

 

Rosalind Park featuring statuary and flanked by ornate Second Empire-style buildings

 

 

The central city is skirted by Rosalind Park, a Victorian-style garden featuring statuary and a large blue stone viaduct. The main entrance corner of the park is on the intersection known as Charing Cross, formerly the intersection of two main tram lines (now only one). It features a large statue of Queen Victoria.

The Charing Cross road junction features the large ornate Alexandra Fountain (1881) and is built on top of a wide bridge which spans the viaduct. The park elevates toward Camp Hill, which features a historic school and former mine poppet head. Further from the city is Lake Weeroona, a large ornamental lake adjacent to the Bendigo Botanical Gardens, which opened in 1869.

The gardens are home to many native species of animal including brushtailed and ring-tailed possums, ducks, coots, purple swamphens, microbats (small insect eating bats) the grey-headed flying fox, several species of lizard, owls and the tawny frogmouth.

 

 

Commerce

 

 

Bendigo Bank headquarters dominates the city skyline.

 

 

The main retail centre of Bendigo is the central business district, with the suburbs of Eaglehawk, Kangaroo Flat, Golden Square, Strathdale and Epsom also having shopping districts. The city is home to Australia's only provincial stock exchange, the Bendigo Stock Exchange (BSX), founded in the 1860s. The city is the home of the headquarters of the Bendigo Bank; established in 1858 as a building society. It is now a large retail bank with community bank branches throughout Australia. The bank is headquartered in Bendigo and is a major employer in the city (it also has a regional office at Melbourne Docklands).

 

 

 

Gold mining

 

 

 
Gold in quartz specimen from the Bendigo goldfields

 

 

One of the major revolutions in gold mining (during the Victorian gold rush) came when fields like Bendigo but also BallaratArarat and the goldfields close toMount Alexander turned out to have large gold deposits below the superficial alluvial deposits that had been (partially) mined out. Gold at Bendigo was found in quartz reef systems, hosted within highly deformed mudstones and sandstones or were washed away into channels of ancient rivers. Tunnels as deep as 2000 or even 3000 feet (600 to 900 metres) (Stawell) were possible. Until overtaken in the 1890s by the Western Australia goldfields, Bendigo was the most productive Australian gold area, with a total production of over 20 million ounces (622 tonnes).

 


Infrastructure

 

Transport

 

 

 
Bendigo railway station

 
 
Talking tourist tram in central Bendigo

 

 

Culture and events

 

 

Sun Loong, the world's longest Imperial dragon and a major drawcard of Bendigo's Easter Festival procession

 

 

The Bendigo Art Gallery is one of Australia's oldest and largest regional art galleries. In March 2012, it hosted a royal visit from Princess Charlene of Monaco at the opening of an exhibition about Grace Kelly. The Capital Theatre, originally the Masonic temple, is located next to the art gallery in View Street and hosts performing arts and live music. It hosts the annual Bendigo Writers Festival, founded in 2012, which runs across the second weekend in August each year.



 

 

 


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