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About Adelaide

Adelaide

 

 is the capital city of South Australia and the fifth-largest city in Australia. In June 2013, Adelaide had an estimated resident population of 1.29 million. The demonym "Adelaidean" is used in reference to the city and its residents. Adelaide is north of the Fleurieu Peninsula, on the Adelaide Plains between the Gulf St Vincent and the low-lying Mount Lofty Ranges which surround the city. Adelaide stretches 20 km (12 mi) from the coast to the foothills, and 90 km (56 mi) from Gawler at its northern extent to Sellicks Beach in the south..

 

Adelaide
South Australia
Adelaide Montage 2014.jpg




History

 

 

Adelaide in 1839, looking south-east from North Terrace.

 

 

Intersection of North Terrace and King William Street viewed from Parliament House, 1938.

 
1888 Map of Adelaide, showing the gradual development of its urban layout

 

Before European settlement

 

Prior to its proclamation as a British settlement in 1836, the area around Adelaide was inhabited by the indigenous Kaurna Aboriginal nation (pronounced "Garner" or "Gowna").

 

19th century

 

In July 1876, the Illustrated Sydney News published a special supplement that included an early aerial view of the City of Adelaide, the River Torrens and portion of North Adelaide from a point on Pennington Terrace, North Adelaide.

 

 

 

20th century

 

 

Westpac House, Adelaide's tallest building at 132 metres (Australia's 120th tallest building).

 

 

 

King William Street, named in honour of King William IV, looking south from North Terrace in 2006 before the extension of the tram line.

 
 
The Adelaide plain at night, viewed from Mount Lofty.

 

 

Urban layout

 

 

 
A row of terrace houses at the east end of North Terrace.

 
 
The corner of North Terrace(right) and Pulteney Street (left), looking south-west from Bonython Hall.

 
 
King William Street, one of the widest main streets in an Australian capital city, viewed from Victoria Square.

 

 

Governance

 

 

 
Parliament House, Adelaide on North Terrace houses the Parliament of South Australia.

 
Adelaide, as the capital of South Australia, is the seat of the Government of South Australia. As Adelaide is South Australia's capital and most populous city, the State Government co-operates extensively with the City of Adelaide. In 2006, the Ministry for the City of Adelaide was created to facilitate the state government's collaboration with the Adelaide City Council and the Lord Mayor to improve Adelaide's image. The state parliament's Capital City Committee is also involved in the governance of the City of Adelaide, being primarily concerned with the planning of Adelaide's urban development and growth.

 

Economy

 

 

 

 
Flinders Medical Centre. Health care and social assistance is the largest ABS defined employment sector in South Australia.

 

 

 

Adelaide Convention Centre, situated next to the River Torrens



 
The Adelaide-built Collins class submarine HMAS Rankin entering Pearl Harbor, August 2004.

 

 

Cultural

 

 

The Art Gallery of South Australia, and part of the South Australian Museum on North Terrace.

 
The Adelaide Convention Centre, the first of its kind in South Australia, is situated on the River Torrens.

 
The Barr Smith Library, a public library part of The University of Adelaide.

 
The Adelaide Town Hall

 

 

Sport

 

 

Adelaide Oval is the home of Australian rules football and Cricket in South Australia.

Hindmarsh Stadium hosts Adelaide United.

The Tour Down Under is the first event of the UCI World Tour calendar.

 

 

Transport

 

 

A tram in King William Street.

 

 

 

 

Airports

 

 

Adelaide Airport is closer to the CBD of the states capital than any other international airport in Australia.

 

 

 

SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adelaide

 

 

 

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