is the capital city of South Australia and the fifth-largest city in Australia. In June 2013, Adelaide had an estimated resident population of 1.29 million. The demonym "Adelaidean" is used in reference to the city and its residents. Adelaide is north of the Fleurieu Peninsula, on the Adelaide Plains between the Gulf St Vincent and the low-lying Mount Lofty Ranges which surround the city. Adelaide stretches 20 km (12 mi) from the coast to the foothills, and 90 km (56 mi) from Gawler at its northern extent to Sellicks Beach in the south..
Adelaide in 1839, looking south-east from North Terrace.
Intersection of North Terrace and King William Street viewed from Parliament House, 1938.
1888 Map of Adelaide, showing the gradual development of its urban layout
Before European settlement
Prior to its proclamation as a British settlement in 1836, the area around Adelaide was inhabited by the indigenous Kaurna Aboriginal nation (pronounced "Garner" or "Gowna").
In July 1876, the Illustrated Sydney News published a special supplement that included an early aerial view of the City of Adelaide, the River Torrens and portion of North Adelaide from a point on Pennington Terrace, North Adelaide.
Westpac House, Adelaide's tallest building at 132 metres (Australia's 120th tallest building).
King William Street, named in honour of King William IV, looking south from North Terrace in 2006 before the extension of the tram line.
The corner of North Terrace(right) and Pulteney Street (left), looking south-west from Bonython Hall.
King William Street, one of the widest main streets in an Australian capital city, viewed from Victoria Square.
Parliament House, Adelaide on North Terrace houses the Parliament of South Australia.
Adelaide, as the capital of South Australia, is the seat of the Government of South Australia. As Adelaide is South Australia's capital and most populous city, the State Government co-operates extensively with the City of Adelaide. In 2006, the Ministry for the City of Adelaide was created to facilitate the state government's collaboration with the Adelaide City Council and the Lord Mayor to improve Adelaide's image. The state parliament's Capital City Committee is also involved in the governance of the City of Adelaide, being primarily concerned with the planning of Adelaide's urban development and growth.
Flinders Medical Centre. Health care and social assistance is the largest ABS defined employment sector in South Australia.
Adelaide Convention Centre, situated next to the River Torrens
The Adelaide-built Collins class submarine HMAS Rankin entering Pearl Harbor, August 2004.
The Art Gallery of South Australia, and part of the South Australian Museum on North Terrace.
The Adelaide Convention Centre, the first of its kind in South Australia, is situated on the River Torrens.
The Barr Smith Library, a public library part of The University of Adelaide.
Adelaide Oval is the home of Australian rules football and Cricket in South Australia.
Hindmarsh Stadium hosts Adelaide United.
The Tour Down Under is the first event of the UCI World Tour calendar.
A tram in King William Street.
Adelaide Airport is closer to the CBD of the states capital than any other international airport in Australia.
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